Authors Guide-Canadian Journal of Applied Sciences
The Journals of Consortium Publisher covers all aspects of practicing disciplines. Manuscripts are accepted for consideration on the condition that they represent original material, have not been published previously, are not being considered for publication elsewhere, and have been approved by each author. Review articles, research papers, case reports and letters to the editor may be submitted for publication. All authors of a manuscript must have agreed to its submission and are responsible for its content (initial submission and any subsequent versions), including appropriate citations and acknowledgments, and must also have agreed that the corresponding author has the authority to act on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to inform the coauthors of the manuscript's status throughout the submission, review, and publication processes. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining permission from both the original author and the original publisher (i.e., the copyright owner) to reproduce or modify figures and tables and to reproduce text (in whole or in part) from previous publications. Manuscripts submitted to the journal must represent reports of original research, and the original data must be available for review by the editor if necessary. Authors who are unsure of proper English usage should have their manuscripts checked by someone proficient in the English language. By submission of a manuscript to the journal, the author(s) guarantee that they have the authority to publish the work and that the manuscript, or one with substantially the same content, was not published previously, is not being considered for publication or published elsewhere.
Criteria of Publication
All manuscripts are considered to be confidential and are reviewed by the editors, members of the editorial board, or qualified reviewers. Publication of manuscripts by Journals are dependent primarily on their validity and coherence. The authors of published articles automatically transfer the copyright to Journals and there parent incorporation upon formal acceptance. However, the authors reserve right to use the information contained in the article for non-commercial purposes.
Conflicts of Interest
Authors are required to disclose any sponsorship or funding arrangements relating to their research and all authors should disclose any possible conflicts of interest.
Published research information must comply with the publication ethics and guidelines for human studies and animal welfare regulations. Authors should state that subjects have given their informed consent and that the study protocol has been approved by the institute's committee on human research. Further, they should also state that animal experiments conform to institutional standards. This should be described in the Methods section. For those investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed. Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study. ICDTD Inc. requires authors to follow the requirements for manuscripts submitted to this journal.
Submission of Manuscripts
Manuscripts must be submitted online. That may potentially save the time, effort and proceeding. If there is problem in submission, please write to the editorial or administration. All components of the manuscript must appear within a single electronic file: references, figure legends and tables must appear in the body of the manuscript.
The research or review manuscripts submitted should be divided into the following sections,
- Title page
- Structured Abstract
- Graphical Abstract
- Text Organization (for review article)
- Methodology/ material an method
- List of Abbreviations (if any)
- Consent for Publication
- Conflict of Interest
- Figures/Illustrations (if any)
- Chemical Structures (if any)
- Tables (if any)
- Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)
The following detailed instructions are necessary to allow direct reproduction of the manuscript for rapid publishing. If instructions are not followed, the manuscript will be returned for retyping. Manuscript Organization and Preparation Conventions names of genes, micro-organisms or botanical origin of plants must be italicized. Authors must use the original name published unless they have obtained permission to rename from the authors of the original study or international body. American spelling should be used throughout the manuscript.
Editorials should not exceed 1,000 words including references. Correspondence should not exceed 750 words and may include a brief table or small figure; letters should be appropriately referenced. Databases, Resource and Application articles should not exceed 2000 words. Perspectives and Opinions: Not more than 3000 words. Research Articles, as well as Mini-Monograph articles, should not exceed 5,000 words, including tables, figures, and references. Reviews and Commentaries should not exceed 6,000 words, including tables, figures, and references. Reviews are written by authors who have significant publications in the field. Mini-reviews and Hypotheses should be topical and should not be longer than 2500 words, and preferably not have more than 40 references and 2 figures or tables. Meeting Reports should not exceed 5,000 words, including tables, figures, and references .
The typing area must be exactly 8.5" wide by 11" long (letter sized page). Justify margins left and right (block format). The entire typing area of each page must be filled, leaving no wasted space. Text should be single-spaced and double-spaced between paragraphs. Special care should be taken to insure that symbols, superscripts and subscripts are legible and do not overlap onto lines above or below. Make sure text lines are equidistant.
A regular research article may have the following sections.Font: Standard font of Arial, Times Roman, Helvetica, Courier, size 12 point, justified with single line spacing must be used .
The title should be <100 characters (not including spaces). Provide the complete names of the institutions where the work was done, and the name, mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and email address of the corresponding author. If you wish to have two corresponding authors listed for the paper, you must designate one of them to communicate with the editorial office. On the first page of the manuscript, start title 1" (25 mm) down from top text margin. Type title in all capital letters, centered on the width of the typing area and single-spaced if more than one line is required. The title should be brief, descriptive and have all words spelled out. Double-space, then type the author(s) name(s), single-spaced if more than one line is required. Double-space, than type author(s) address(es), also single-spaced, capitalizing first letters of main words. Quadruple-space before Summary.
A brief running title of about 50 characters should be provided.
5 to 8 keywords must be provided.
Abstract must not exceed 200 words, should be self-explanatory and should not contain reference citations. It should concisely summarize the basic content and conclusions of the paper without presenting extensive experimental details. Centre, type and underline summary heading, capitalizing the first letter. A double-space should separate the heading from the summary text. Indent summary text approximately 1/2" (13 mm) from both left and right margins. The summary should be intelligible to the reader without reference to the body of the paper and be suitable for reproduction by abstracting services. Introduction to the text (without a heading) should being four spaces below the summary using full margins. Ideally, the abstract should have following sub-headings,
Papers must include the major headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments and References. Capitalize first letter, underline, and centre headings on width of typing area.
The Introduction should be concise, with no subheadings, and should present the background information necessary to allow the reader to understand the results presented.
Materials and Methods:
The Materials and Methods section should include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. All companies from which materials were obtained should be listed with their location.
This section should present clearly but succinctly the experimental findings of the study. Only results essential to establish the main points of the work should be included. In the Results section, include the rationale or design of the experiments as well as the results; reserve extensive interpretation of the results for the Discussion section. Results should be specifically tied to the objectives and methods presented earlier in the manuscript.
The Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published work and to the experimental system at hand and should not contain extensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of the introduction. The discussion section should (a) reiterate the principal findings of the research, (b) explain why those findings are important, (c) comment on methodological weaknesses of the study, and (d) provide an overall conclusion. Authors should be careful not to draw conclusions or make inferences that are not specifically supported by the data reported in the study. In short papers, the Results and Discussion sections may be combined
Acknowledgments should be limited to technical, scientific and brief. Authors may briefly mention individuals making significant non-authorship contributions to the manuscript. Funding support for the work presented should be detailed.
Incorporate tables and/or figures with their legends into the main body of text
All citations must be placed in name/date form. Place the citation immediately after the textual information cited, placing name and date within parentheses with a comma.
We accept the Vancouver reference styles for this journal. The articles belong to the medical, biology, and life sciences are required to use the Vancouver reference style. That should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission. Few examples are given below,
- Journal Reference:
 Mike WS, Susan B. The neurological channels and expression of DNA. J App Pharm 2010; 10(13): 213-53.
 Daniel PD, Jonson MI, Jackob PA, et al. Role of cytokine to introduce the neuropathic complication. Can J Biomed Sci 2013; 5: 209-13.
- Book Reference:
 Schmidt LD. The engineering of chemical reactions, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press: New York 2005; pp. 71-88.
- Book Chapter Reference:
 Ford HL, Sclafani RA, Degregori J. Cell cycle regulatory casacade. In: Stein GS, Pardee AB, Eds. Cell cycle and growth control: bimolecular regulation and cancer, 2nd ed. Wiley- Liss: Hoboken, NJ 2004; pp. 42-67.
- Conference Proceedings:
 Harris AH, Ed. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997 Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales 1998.
 Anthony M. Nutrition beyond the trends: Boron’s a beneficial bone builder [Online] 2005 [cited 2005]. Available at: www.foodprocessing.com/articles/2005/417.html
 Pagedas AC. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498, 2002 Aug 1.
 Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans. PhD dissertation. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Micihigan University 2002.
APA (American Psychological Association) Style (1929) sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules to increase the ease of reading comprehension. The rules or guidelines of this style ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. Few examples of APA references style are listed below,
1 A book in print
Baxter, C. (1997). Race equality in health care and education. Philadelphia: Ballière Tindall.
2 A book chapter, print version
Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
3 An eBook
Millbower, L. (2003). Show biz training: Fun and effective business training techniques from the worlds of stage, screen, and song. Retrieved from http://www.amacombooks.org/
4 An article in a print journal
Alibali, M. W. (1999). How children change their minds: Strategy change can be gradual or abrupt. Developmental Psychology, 35, 127-145.
5 An article in a journal without DOI
Carter, S., & Dunbar-Odom, D. (2009). The converging literacies center: An integrated model for writing programs. Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy, 14(1), 38-48. Retrieved from http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/
6 An article in a journal with DOI
Gaudio, J. L., & Snowdon, C. T. (2008). Spatial cues more salient than color cues in cotton-top tamarins (saguinus oedipus) reversal learning. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 122, 441-444. doi: 10.1037/0735-7036.122.4.441
Moreover, the references must be complete and accurate. If the number of authors exceeds six then et al. will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics). Date of access should be provided for online citations. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Punctuation should be properly applied as mentioned in the examples given above. Superscript in the in-text citations and reference section should be avoided. Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the references section. The details may however appear in the footnotes. The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.
Consortium Publisher uses the software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. We check the contents of submitted articles against the archive of periodicals, online internet material and scientific database. The obtained similarity report highlights the proportion or percentage of uploaded article the overlap the published contents. Thus, we accept the overall 20% similarity of manuscript to be considered for publication.
Moreover, the content tracking mode ensures that manuscripts with an overall low percentage of similarity but have a higher similarity from a single source are not ignored. The acceptable limit for similarity of text from a single source is 5%. If the similarity level is above 5%, the manuscript is returned to the author for paraphrasing the text and citing the original source of the copied material.
Additionally, it is understandable that the scholarly articles are compiled after comprehensive review of previously published information. It’s not easy to differentiate the legitimated and plagiarized information. However, the certain features can potentially help to identifying different kinds of plagiarized content.
Approvals, Registrations, Patient Consents and Animal Protection
The clinical studies must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. All submission must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) with regard to the patient’s consent for research or participation in a study. The editors can demand the documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.
The research studies involving the animals, the authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the standards set forth in the eighth edition of Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals; published by the National Academy of Sciences, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.).